Key guidelines and useful links

Guidelines have been developed that set out why and how HIV and hepatitis testing should take place, and document the need for scaling up HIV and hepatitis testing and treatment. These external documents can be accessed via the links below.

  1. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm: Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA – An integrated approach. 2018.
  2. European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS), Brussels: Guidelines, version 11.0. 2021.
  3. European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL), Brussels: EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines
  4. World Health Organization (WHO) Scaling up HIV testing and counseling in the WHO European Region as an essential component of efforts to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support 2010.
  5. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva: Consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services 2019.
  6. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva: Consolidated Guidelines on the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating and Preventing HIV Infection. 2016.
  7. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva: Guidelines on HIV self-testing and partner notification. 2016.
  8. World Health Organization (WHO), Guidelines on hepatitis B and C testing. 2017, WHO: Geneva.
  9. HIV in Europe. HIV Indicator Conditions: Guidance for Implementing HIV Testing in Adults in Health Care Settings. 2012.
  10. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). Guidelines for testing HIV, viral hepatitis and other infections in injecting drug users, 2010. 
  11. UNODC, UNAIDS, WHO. Update on HIV in prisons and other closed settings. 2021.
  12. UNAIDS, Global AIDS Monitoring 2022.
  13. International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI). European Guideline for the screening, prevention and initial management of hepatitis B & C infections in sexual health settings. 2017.
  14. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings. 2018
  15. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm: Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA. 2018.

Further materials and literature can be found on the EuroTEST and World Hepatitis Alliance websites.